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What do most Olympic winners have in common? They are all champions in their own sport, all of them work hard and they know how important it is to get enough sleep. According to the latest research, a good night’s sleep is very important for athletes.

Most people need about 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night, but athletes need at least 10 hours of sleep. They need more sleep because they use more energy. Most professional athletes train for at least 4 or 5 hours a day. For an athlete, a good night’s rest is as important as training. Exercise makes their muscles stronger, but sleep helps athletes become champions. According to the experts, a good night’s sleep can mean the difference between making a goal or not.

In 2011, researchers at Stanford University studied the sleep habits of the university’s basketball team. They wanted to see what would happen if the members of the team slept for 10 hours every night. They discovered that when the players got 10 hours of sleep, they scored more points.

The researchers did another study on the university’s tennis, swimming and football teams. They discovered that when the athletes got more sleep, their performance improved in each of these sports. They also discovered what happened when athletes didn’t get enough sleep. They made more mistakes and they were more likely to get hurt during a game.

Sleep is very important for an athlete’s health and performance. As coach Jane Collins says, “I tell my team to train hard, eat well and always get a good night’s sleep.” It’s a good recipe for success.

Answer these questions in English according to the article.

In lines 1-4, we learn that athletes understand the importance of:

How many hours is a “good night’s rest” for an athlete? (lines 5-10)

Compared to other people, athletes need (-). (lines 5-10)

What did the researchers want to find out? (lines 11-14)

What was different in the second study? (lines 15-19)


Many students believe that making mistakes is a bad thing. A recent study, however, shows that making mistakes is an important part of learning.

According to French researcher Frederique Autin, learning something difficult makes some students feel nervous. They don’t want to make mistakes so they don’t even try. Autin says this fear of failure is bad for children’s confidence and it can affect their ability to learn new things.

In the study, French researchers divided 111 schoolchildren, aged 11 and 12, into two groups. The first group was told that learning something new is difficult and that it is common to make mistakes. The second group was not given this advice. Both groups of children were taught something new. Then they were given a difficult task to do. Researchers found that the first group of children worked harder and didn’t give up as quickly as the other group. They had more success doing the task because they were not afraid to fail.

According to Autin, it is important for students to understand that making mistakes is okay. He believes that parents and teachers should focus on children’s progress at school and not on their grades. Children will do better, he says, if they know that failing is part of learning.

Answer these questions in English according to the report.

According to a new study, making mistakes (-). (lines 1-2)

According to Frederique Autin, when students are afraid to fail, it is harder for them to …

What did the two groups have in common? (2 options)

What was the result of the study? (lines 7-13)

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